Chapter 6 Multiple Choice Question 19 What measures the central tendency of a se

Chapter 6
Multiple Choice Question 19
What measures the central tendency of a set of data?
Coefficient of variation
Variance
Standard deviation
Mean
Range 
Multiple Choice Question 39
Consider a p-chart measuring the percentage of defective light bulbs. If the LCL is .04 and a sample has 1% defects, what is the implication?
The process is in a state of control.
The process is out of control even though the variation is “good.”
The value of sigma must be increased.
The process has too many errors.
A calculation error must have occurred
Multiple Choice Question 16
An OC curve is an example of what?
Traditional statistical tools
Fishbone diagramming
Acceptance sampling
Experimental design
Statistical process control
Multiple Choice Question 25
On a control chart, what separates common from assignable causes of variation?
x-bar lines
Control limits
Specification limits
Production limits
Mean divided by standard deviation
Multiple Choice Question 41
What are preset ranges of acceptable quality characteristics?
Control limits
Product specifications
Six-sigma limits
AQC limits
R-chart limits
Chapter 7
Multiple Choice Question 26
According to JIT, __________ is carried to cover up a wide variety of problems, such as poor quality, demand uncertainty, and slow delivery.
Inventory
Excess capacity
A group of back-up workers
Spare equipment
Insurance 
Multiple Choice Question 65
Which of the following is not a role of JIT management?
creating a JIT culture
cost and information sharing
serving as coaches and facilitators
developing an incentive system
ensuring multifunctional training occurs
Multiple Choice Question 36
JIT uses a pull system where communication starts with either the customer or with the _________ work station in the production line.
First 
Bottleneck
Dominant
Most expensive
Last 
Multiple Choice Question 61
JIT production workers are expected to
Cover up quality problems
Ignore data
Take responsibility in getting to the root cause of quality problems
Blame problems on someone else
Have a poor attitude about quality
Multiple Choice Question 70
The benefits of long-term relationships with a small number of suppliers include all of the following except
Always getting the lowest price
Focus on improving process controls
Greater accountability
Develop stable delivery schedules
Eliminate paperwork
Chapter 8
Multiple Choice Question 1
Forecasting is not a function which contributes to:
deciding which business market to pursue
deciding which product to produce
deciding how bonuses should be allocated
deciding how much inventory to carry
deciding how many people to hire
Multiple Choice Question 10
Which forecasting method is particularly good for predicting technological changes and scientific advances?
Market research
Executive opinion
Delphi method
Naïve method
Gamma method
Multiple Choice Question 30
What are the most frequently used forecasting techniques?
Linear regression
Simple mean
Exponential smoothing
Weighted moving average
Econometric models
Multiple Choice Question 17
Which of the following is a causal forecasting method?
Naïve
Moving average
Weighted moving average
Trend adjusted exponential smoothing
Linear regression
Multiple Choice Question 74
“Inside information” is most likely garnered through which of the following forecasting methods?
exponential smoothing
seasonal indexes
naïve
Delphi
multiple regression
Chapter 9
Multiple Choice Question 56
The least likely reason for a U.S. firm to choose to locate a factory in a foreign country is _____________.
climate
Natural resources
markets
cheaper suppliers
low labor costs
Multiple Choice Question 55
Issues that need to be considered in location globally include all of the following except______________.
different cultures
FEC accounting requirements
language barriers
different laws
different business practices
Multiple Choice Question 6
Capacity planning is complicated by the fact that ___________________.
capital markets are complex
existing facilities may become obsolete
capacity is difficult to define
capacity is usually purchased in chunks, rather than smooth increments
depreciation must be calculated
Multiple Choice Question 44
Service organizations such as restaurants, movie theaters, and banks focus on locating near ____________.
suppliers
roads
intersections
their customers
potential workers
Multiple Choice Question 25
Management has decided to add capacity incrementally in smaller chunks as needed, rather than purchasing one large facility. This decision ____________________.
is very risky
will result in low initial costs
will ultimately result in lower costs per unit if demand increases rapidly
positions the company to be well prepared for high demand in the future
can lead to a large amount of excess capacity
Chapter 10
Multiple Choice Question 34
The first step in designing a layout is
identifying the facility
gathering information
selecting the correct layout software package
developing a REL chart
developing a from-to matrix
Multiple Choice Question 65
What is the term for a system in which the product being worked on is physically attached to the line and automatically moved to the next station when the cycle time has elapsed?
cyclical line
paced line
autoline
continuous line
constrained line
Multiple Choice Question 4
Which of the following is not one of the four basic layout types?
product
hybrid
process
fixed position
inverted
Multiple Choice Question 27
Which company is widely considered to be the leader of just-in-time production?
Ford
Timex
Gateway
Toyota
Sony
Multiple Choice Question 24
A high-volume paper mill is an example of which layout type? 
inverted
circular
process
fixed position
product

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